The composer originally intended this as a ballet (as early as 1906), but now it’s more often performed as a concert work. He returned to this waltz after the end of World War I, and it premiered in Paris in December 1920 as a piece for orchestra patterned after Viennese waltzes. Concurrently with that version, Ravel also transcribed it for both solo piano and piano four hands. It has been turned into a ballet by both George Balanchine and Frederick Ashton.
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